In the last few years, the abundance of energy significantly changed the destiny of civilization. Fresh sources of energy are being discovered — first fossil fuels, next to nuclear, hydroelectric, & now various renewable technologies – as well as the amount of energy we can generate and use. This article examines the source of power we spend, including total fuel & electricity utilization, as well as how nations differ in terms of per capita consumption & whether energy consumption trends are evolving over time.

Energy Consumption 


There were many numerous distinct units used for the energy sector, including joules, exa-joules, thousand tons of oil counterparts, barrel counterparts, British thermal measures, & terawatt-hours, just to mention a few. It can be perplexing & difficult to compare. So, at The World in Statistics, we translate all performance reports to watt-hours to ensure consistency. It allows us to compare power data from various measurements & sources.

What Is Global Energy Consumption?

Since the Industrial Revolution, the global energy concept has evolved tremendously. 

It is predicated on Vaclav Smil’s historic primary energy usage estimates and also updated numbers from BP’s Statistics Assessment for World Energy.

It’s worth noting that such data uses the substitution approach’ to represent main energy use. In comparison to ‘direct technique,’ the ‘replacement approach’ tries to compensate for inefficiency (energy lost as warmth during burning) during fossil fuel & biomass conversion.

This is accomplished by converting nuclear & modern energy energies to their ‘main input equivalent’ whether the same amount of energy was generated using fossil fuels. Below, we take a closer look at some of these different objectives, how they vary, or how this affects energy figures. Throughout the linked figure below, a certain data is given in its direct main equivalents.”

What Is The Trend In Global Energy Use Year By Year?

Energy demand is increasing in several countries throughout the globe as people become wealthier & populations increase.

If gains in renewable energy abroad do not counterbalance this growing demand. Our energy demand would begin to escalate year after year. Growing energy usage renders the shift of fossil fuels towards low-carbon power sources very complicated. Emerging low carbon sources must supply this elevated demand while also attempting to replace current fossil fuels inside the power mix.

For nearly two centuries, global energy demand has climbed practically all year. The only exceptions were in the mid-1980s & during the economic meltdown in 2009.

While global energy consumption keeps rising, it appears to have been slowing – averaged around 1% – 2% annually.

Energy Consumption And production

When It Comes To Energy Use, Where Would People Spend The Most Energy?

Whenever it comes to overall energy consumption, discrepancies between countries frequently reflect the size of the population. A country with a higher population takes more energy than someone with a small population.

Canada, Norway, Iceland, The Us, & affluent Middle Eastern countries like Omani, Saudi, & Qatar are the major energy users. The average individual in these nations consumes up to 100 times upwards of in a few of the poorest nations.


When it comes to energy usage, where is it increasing or decreasing? For about half a decade global energy demand has risen practically every year. However, it’s not the situation in every country.

In many nations where earnings are rising swiftly & the market is increasing, energy demand is increasing. However, energy usage is declining in many countries, especially in wealthier nations attempting to increase energy efficiency.


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